8.4 Sliding doors at platforms

This measure consists of the installation of a flexible system of sliding panels on the whole length of the platform’s edge. The system usually looks like a glass wall with intermittent "elevator type doors" and is often labelled “platform screen doors” (PSDs), “platform gate doors” (PGDs) or “platform edge doors (PEDs)”. The doors are normally closed and open only after the train had entered the station and stopped thus allowing passengers to get on/off the train. The system can be full-height (FHPSD  ) or half-height (HHPSD  ).
  • Try to fit the people’s movement pattern and station environment with the right height and shape of the doors.
  • Combine with warning or informative signs posted in visible places on the sliding doors.
  • Implementation may be difficult because of many different train types wherein the doors will be located at another section.
  • The failure rate for doors not opening has to be as low as 0.1% because otherwise there will be a disruption of the logistic process when people try to leave the train.
  • Link between platform doors/screen at platform edge and type of rolling stock/control systems. OK if only dedicated rolling stock which could limit potential applications - costly.
  • Expensive to install and limited, in the main, to stations constructed in tunnels.
  • A study in Japan (Ueda et al., 2015), Korea (Chung et al., 2016) and China (Xing et al., 2019) have shown that platform screen doors are effective in reducing the number of railway suicides. However, HHPSD   are less effective than the FHPSD   in preventing intentional entry to the train tracks. Installation of PSDs is an extremely effective method to prevent fall accidents.
  • PSD   effectively prevented suicides at railway station platforms with no significant sign of displacement to other platforms (Law et al., 2009): railway suicides decreased by 59% since the installation of platform screen door, adjusted for age and gender. No sign of suicide substitution to unsealed platforms. Railway suicides decreased by 84% for people with psychiatric profile.
  • PSD   was effective in preventing falls onto railway tracks in Hong Kong. They effectively reduced railway injuries (adjusted 5-year average percentage change: -68.8%) with no apparent substitution effect to the other platforms observed (Law & Yip, 2011).

last update: 2022-11-30 Print